Chapter 4. Packing Widgets

Table of Contents
4.1. Theory of Packing Boxes
4.2. Details of Boxes
4.3. Packing Demonstration Program
4.4. Packing Using Tables
4.5. Table Packing Example
When creating an application, you'll want to put more than one widget inside a window. Our first helloworld example only used one widget so we could simply use the GtkContainer add() method to "pack" the widget into the window. But when you want to put more than one widget into a window, how do you control where that widget is positioned? This is where packing comes in.

4.1. Theory of Packing Boxes

Most packing is done by creating boxes. These are invisible widget containers that we can pack our widgets into which come in two forms, a horizontal box, and a vertical box. When packing widgets into a horizontal box, the objects are inserted horizontally from left to right or right to left depending on the call used. In a vertical box, widgets are packed from top to bottom or vice versa. You may use any combination of boxes inside or beside other boxes to create the desired effect.

To create a new horizontal box, we use a call to GtkHBox(), and for vertical boxes, GtkVBox(). The pack_start() and pack_end() methods are used to place objects inside of these containers. The pack_start() method will start at the top and work its way down in a vbox, and pack left to right in an hbox. pack_end() will do the opposite, packing from bottom to top in a vbox, and right to left in an hbox. Using these methods allows us to right justify or left justify our widgets and may be mixed in any way to achieve the desired effect. We will use pack_start() in most of our examples. An object may be another container or a widget. In fact, many widgets are actually containers themselves, including the button, but we usually only use a label inside a button.

By using these calls, GTK knows where you want to place your widgets so it can do automatic resizing and other nifty things. There are also a number of options as to how your widgets should be packed. As you can imagine, this method gives us a quite a bit of flexibility when placing and creating widgets.